Colors of Anatolia
Welcome to the Festival Festival Program Festival Sponsors Events Schedule Contact Us


In Competition

Gocmen Kuslar ... Donduler
Directed by Alev F. Parsa
Documentary. 2005, 20 minutes 
In Turkish with English subtitles

Germany – this country has fueled so many dreams of so many people. It was for just a few years at first, but then they couldn’t make it back. Germany became a bitter land for Turkish workers. Some went there voluntarily, some others not. But one thing was certain; each one had a story.

Turkish venture I Europe started in 30 October 1961 with a Bilateral Recruitment Agreement co-signed by Federal Republic of Germany and Republic of Turkey to recruit Turkish guest workers by Germany companies. Because of the first generation Turks were ill educated, adaptation process was painful and long. Emigration was a delivery for many from financial problems, unemployment and shortage of foreign currency prevailing the motherland at that time. Bülent Ecevit, Labor Minister in those years, spoke about Germany and Turkish workers in this film. He has also voiced his ‘Konuk İşçi / Gastarbeiters’ poem which told the Turk migrants’ stories dramatically for the film. 

‘45 years of struggle for your daily bread’ – it sounds easy to say at once. Guest workers were regarded as temporary recruitments at the beginning. Today, however, they have happened to be the most favorite labor force in the old continent with a population of more than 4 million people, the essential dynamo of European economy, the rise in the level of education also proves that the worker image has become history. This film is about Turkish workers (Gastarbeiters) who worked in Germany’s industry and came back to their motherlands. 

Director ALEV F. PARSA

Assistant Professor Dr. Alev Fatoş Parsa received her BA degree from the Department of Cinema-TV-Photography, Faculty of Fine Arts, Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir. She worked for three years as a director of photography and producer in the acclaimed news program “Arena” in Hürriyet TV Production. She received her MA and PhD degrees from the Institute of Social Sciences in Radio-TV-Film Studies, Ege University, where she has been working as an assistant professor. She also has written two books and many articles published in periodicals. Her main areas of interest are visual communication, visual literacy, documentary films and semiotics. She is the member of the IVLA. She has two children.


Migrant Birds are Back (Göçmen Kuşlar Döndüler) – Documentary / Director (2005)
Carpet in Kula (Kula’da Halı) – Documentary / Camera Assistant (1989)
Houses of Birgi (Birgi Evleri) – Documentary / Camera Assistant (1989)

Friday, November 24 at 9 p.m.
Main Auditorium
Harvard Film Archive
Carpenter Center for the Arts, Cambridge